Ethiopic-XTT Keyboard Layout

This document is copyrighted 2003-5 XenoType Technologies/Kaʻōnohi Kai and is not intended for public distribution without the accompanying software.

The following information pertains to the pseudo-phonetic keyboard layout Ethiopic-XTT designed by XenoType Technologies. If you’d like additional information about this layout please contact us via our web site.

This keyboard layout is intended for use with any Unicode font containing Ethiopic glyphs. Please note that many fonts are not Unicode compatible. While we hope to offer our own Ethiopian fonts in the future, we cannot take responsibility for third party fonts or honor requests to modify fonts copyrighted by other companies or individuals.

The basic design of this layout uses dead keys to implement a syllabic scheme. i.e., each Ethiopic syllable requires two keystrokes. The first keystroke can be any key on the Normal, Shift, Option or Shift Option keyboard. For virtually all syllables, the second key is one of eight different keys (which also includes some shifted variants). Aside from three or four common English punctuation marks, standard Latin letters are not accessible from this keyboard — you’ll need to switch to an appropriate Roman/Latin keyboard layout to type in another script/language.

In the table below we indicate the base consonant down the first column and vowel registers across the top row. The letter O as the first of two elements in the first column represents the OPTION variant. Capitalization in all instances is significant and requires the SHIFT variant of the respective letter.

The unmarked 6th vowel column represents the default syllable. This syllable will also display when no valid vowel key is pressed. Since two keystrokes are required to complete the syllable, you can simply type the same keystroke a second time or any other key not already used to represent a vowel.

Ethiopic Consonants

  a u i A e   o W
h
l
H
m
X
r
s
S
q
Oq
Q
OQ
b
v
t
c
x
Ox
n
N
k
Ok
K
OK
w
"
z
Z
y
d
D
j
g
Og
G
T
C
P
[
]
f
p

Numbers

Base digits ፩፪፫፬፭፮፯፰፱ are located in the typical top row. To type the different decades ፲፳፴፵፶፷፸፹፺ use the SHIFT variant. One hundred ፻ and ten thousand ፼ are located at OPTION and SHIFT OPTION respectively.

1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 O1

S1 S2 S3 S4 S5
S6 S7 S8 S9 OS1

Punctuation/Miscellaneous Signs

S[SPACE] . , ; S;
OS; O/ O7 OM OR OF